Blood Pressure Range
High blood pressure is also known as hypertension. It is measured in mm Hg(millimetres of mercury).
Blood pressure is always given as two numbers- systolic pressure (when the heart beats) and diastolic pressure (when the heart relaxes). When the measurements are written down, both are written one above or before the other with the systolic being the first number. It is measured using an instrument called the spygnomanometer. It can also be measured digitally.
High Blood Pressure Range:
210 120 Stage 4
180 110 Stage 3
160 100 Stage 2
140 90 Stage 1
Normal Blood Pressure Range:
130 85 High Normal Blood Pressure
120 80 Normal Blood Pressure
110 75 Low Normal Blood Pressure
Low blood pressure level:
90 60 Borderline Low blood Pressure
60 40 Too Low Blood Pressure
50 33 Dangerously Low Blood Pressure
- When systolic and diastolic pressure falls into different categories, the higher category should be used to classify the blood pressure level example 160/80 mm Hg would be considered as Stage 2 High Blood Pressure.
- A blood pressure of 130/80 mmHg would be considered as high blood pressure for people with diabetes or chronic kidney disease.
Normally, your blood glucose levels increase slightly after you eat. This increase causes your pancreas to release insulin so that your blood glucose levels do not get too high. Blood glucose levels that remain high over time can damage your eyes, kidneys, nerves, and blood vessels.
Several different types of blood glucose tests are used.
- Fasting blood sugar (FBS) measures blood glucose after you have not eaten for at least 8 hours. It often is the first test done to check for diabetes.
- 2-hour postprandial blood sugar measures blood glucose exactly 2 hours after you eat a meal.
- Random blood sugar (RBS) measures blood glucose regardless of when you last ate. Several random measurements may be taken throughout the day. Random testing is useful because glucose levels in healthy people do not vary widely throughout the day. Blood glucose levels that vary widely may indicate a problem. This test is also called a casual blood glucose test.
- Oral glucose tolerance test is used to diagnose prediabetes and diabetes. An oral glucose tolerance test is a series of blood glucose measurements taken after you drink a sweet liquid that contains glucose. This test is commonly used to diagnose diabetes that occurs during pregnancy (gestational diabetes). This test is not commonly used to diagnose diabetes in a person who is not pregnant.
- Fasting blood glucose: 70–99 milligrams per deciliter or less than 5.5 mmol/L
- 2 hours after eating (postprandial): 70–145 mg/dL (less than 7.9 mmol/L)
- Random (casual): 70–125 mg/dL (less than 7.0 mmol/L)
- A fasting blood glucose level is 126 mg/dL (7.0 mmol/L) or higher.
- A 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test result is 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher.
- Symptoms of diabetes are present and a random blood glucose test is 200 mg/dL (11.1 mmol/L) or higher. Symptoms of diabetes include increased thirst and frequent urination (especially at night), unexplained increase in appetite, unexplained weight loss, fatigue, erection problems, blurred vision, and tingling or numbness in the hands or feet.
- If your fasting blood glucose level measures in the range of 100 mg/dL (5.5 mmol/L) to 125 mg/dL (6.9 mmol/L), you are considered to have prediabetes (impaired fasting glucose), and you have an increased chance of getting diabetes.
A fasting glucose level below 40 mg/dL (2.2 mmol/L) in women or below 50 mg/dL (2.8 mmol/L) in men that is accompanied by symptoms of hypoglycemia may mean you have an insulinoma, a tumor that produces abnormally high amounts of insulin.
.....in the end, we all have to have a "balanced diet".....